Alternatives to Full-Time Study
Whether it’s time, money, or one of the dozens of other potential obstacles, full-time study isn’t always the best option for those looking to earn a degree. If you’re facing this problem, then worry not; there are plenty of other ways of studying at degree and other levels.
Alternatives to full-time study aren’t restricted to school-leavers; they’re open to older people returning to education, those who were unsuccessful in obtaining a full-time university place, or those who simply decided to take a break and not attend university straight away.
NOTE: If you are planning to re-apply to universities, UCAS do not allow you to re-use a previous application form and normally you must re-start the application process from the beginning, including paying the application fee.
Read through our guide to the alternatives to full-time study, or jump to the option you’re looking for:
- Studying part-time
- Distance learning
- Foundation degree courses
- Taking a gap year
- Degree apprenticeships
A large number of the full-time degree courses offered by universities and colleges can also be undertaken on a part-time basis, allowing you to fit your study around other commitments.
- Financial arrangements for part-time courses are different to those for full-time study and you should contact the relevant funding body for your area to establish what financial help may be available (Student Finance England, Northern Ireland, Scotland (SAAS), Wales).
- The Open University is one of the best-known provider of part-time and distance learning, but most of the UK's universities also offer alternatives to full-time study.
- UCAS do not offer a central admissions service for part-time courses, so applications for part-time courses must be made directly to the relevant institution.
- You should also contact the university or college direct to find out about vacancies, entry requirements and to discuss fees and funding.
Search for part-time courses on our course chooser.
Distance learning study, by its very nature, is usually also part-time study. For more information on distance learning, look here.
Although similar in name, foundation degrees are not the same as the foundation year that can be taken at the beginning of an undergraduate degree.
Foundation years are taken at the beginning of some undergraduate degree courses to provide an appropriate academic background for degree-level entry, whereas foundation degrees are university-level qualifications designed to equip students for a particular area of work. This is often done with the support of employers from that sector, combining academic study with work-place learning.
- Foundation degrees can be studied full-time or part-time over two years, or longer.
- Upon graduation some students choose employment or progress to further professional qualifications, while others take the opportunity to undertake further study (usually around a year) to progress to a full honours degree.
- Full-time foundation degrees taken at a university or college in the UCAS scheme have to be applied for via UCAS; for institutions not in the UCAS scheme or for part-time study, you should apply direct to the college offering the course.
Some students decide to take a year out before starting university. Find out more about gap years here.
Degree apprenticeships are a relatively new initiative, having only been announced in 2015. The aim of a Degree apprenticeship is, as the name suggests, to combine the academic aspects of a university degree with the practical experience and application of an apprenticeship.
Although they are primarily targeted at school leavers aged 18-19, degree apprenticeships are also suitable for 16 to 18-year-olds and mature students, including those who have already completed a lower-level apprenticeship and wish to enhance their career prospects through further study.
As with other apprenticeships, the training costs and student fees will be covered by the government and your employer. Degree apprentices are not eligible for student loans, and you must therefore cover your own living costs. However, with the opportunity to earn up to £500 per week as part of the scheme, you will be receiving financial support of some form.
The majority of degree apprenticeships focus on STEM subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics), however there are others available. The full list available is as follows:
- Aerospace engineering
- Aerospace software development
- Automotive engineering
- Digital industries
- Electronic systems engineering
- Financial services
- Life and industrial sciences
- Power engineering
- Public relations
A number of high-profile, high-ranking institutions offer degree apprenticeships. To apply for one, visit employer websites or search and apply through the government’s official apprenticeship service.