Tell us what information you find useful when applying to uni, and you could win an iPad! Complete the survey | No thanks

What Do Graduates Do and Earn?

For many prospective university students, graduate prospects and salaries are top priorities when it comes to choosing a degree.

We have compiled data to help you understand the world of work after graduation – from job prospects and starting salaries to graduate gender pay gaps.

Skip to:
• What do graduates do? 
• What do graduates earn?
• Notes about the data

I Stock -507866998

What do graduates do?

Find out what students do after graduating: whether it be a graduate job, further study, or a combination of the two.

We’ve broken down the destinations of graduates from 70 subject areas into six categories – this includes unemployment data. You can click on a subject to see the best universities for the area.

Professional*

Subject Job Job and Study Study Only
Accounting & Finance 51% 9% 0%
Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering 57% 2% 0%
Agriculture & Forestry 35% 3% 0%
American Studies 33% 3% 0%
Anatomy & Physiology 31% 4% 0%
Anthropology 37% 3% 0%
Archaeology 29% 2% 0%
Architecture 68% 5% 0%
Art & Design 54% 1% 0%
Aural & Oral Sciences 87% 1% 0%
Biological Sciences 30% 3% 0%
Building 81% 3% 0%
Business & Management Studies 53% 3% 0%
Celtic Studies 20% 4% 0%
Chemical Engineering 55% 2% 0%
Chemistry 41% 3% 0%
Civil Engineering 68% 2% 0%
Classics & Ancient History 30% 3% 0%
Communication & Media Studies 48% 2% 0%
Complementary Medicine 66% 4% 0%
Computer Science 64% 2% 0%
Creative Writing 32% 3% 0%
Dentistry 95% 3% 0%
Drama, Dance & Cinematics 46% 2% 0%
East & South Asian Studies 41% 2% 0%
Economics 57% 5% 0%
Education 55% 2% 0%
Electrical & Electronic Engineering 62% 2% 0%
English 34% 3% 0%
Food Science 55% 3% 0%
Forensic Science 36% 2% 0%
French 46% 3% 0%
General Engineering 60% 2% 0%
Geography & Environmental Science 41% 3% 0%
Geology 31% 1% 0%
German 45% 4% 0%
History 31% 3% 0%
History of Art, Architecture & Design 37% 1% 0%
Hospitality, Leisure, Recreation & Tourism 47% 1% 0%
Iberian Languages 46% 3% 0%
Italian 44% 3% 0%
Land & Property Management 85% 4% 0%
Law 34% 6% 0%
Librarianship & Information Management 58% 1% 0%
Linguistics 38% 4% 0%
Marketing 64% 2% 0%
Materials Technology 55% 2% 0%
Mathematics 47% 5% 0%
Mechanical Engineering 61% 2% 0%
Medical Technology 89% 2% 0%
Medicine 93% 1% 0%
Middle Eastern & African Studies 43% 3% 0%
Music 40% 6% 0%
Nursing 94% 1% 0%
Occupational Therapy 88% 1% 0%
Optometry, Ophthalmology & Orthoptics 89% 5% 0%
Pharmacology & Pharmacy 75% 8% 0%
Philosophy 35% 3% 0%
Physics & Astronomy 38% 4% 0%
Physiotherapy 94% 1% 0%
Politics 41% 3% 0%
Psychology 30% 5% 0%
Russian & East European Languages 46% 4% 0%
Social Policy 32% 4% 0%
Social Work 58% 3% 0%
Sociology 32% 3% 0%
Sports Science 39% 5% 0%
Theology & Religious Studies 30% 4% 0%
Town & Country Planning and Landscape Design 62% 3% 0%
Veterinary Medicine 94% 1% 0%
Averages 52% 3% 17%

Non-professional**

Subject Job Job and Study Unemployed
Accounting & Finance 21% 2% 7%
Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering 14% 1% 8%
Agriculture & Forestry 40% 3% 5%
American Studies 33% 4% 6%
Anatomy & Physiology 15% 4% 6%
Anthropology 30% 4% 6%
Archaeology 20% 8% 10%
Architecture 10% 1% 7%
Art & Design 29% 2% 6%
Aural & Oral Sciences 8% 0% 2%
Biological Sciences 21% 3% 7%
Building 7% 0% 5%
Business & Management Studies 24% 2% 7%
Celtic Studies 29% 3% 4%
Chemical Engineering 9% 1% 9%
Chemistry 12% 2% 7%
Civil Engineering 8% 1% 6%
Classics & Ancient History 21% 4% 9%
Communication & Media Studies 31% 2% 8%
Complementary Medicine 3% 1% 4%
Computer Science 12% 1% 10%
Creative Writing 31% 6% 11%
Dentistry 1% 0% 1%
Drama, Dance & Cinematics 34% 2% 7%
East & South Asian Studies 18% 2% 15%
Economics 13% 1% 7%
Education 22% 2% 3%
Electrical & Electronic Engineering 12% 1% 9%
English 26% 4% 6%
Food Science 19% 1% 5%
Forensic Science 29% 5% 8%
French 19% 3% 6%
General Engineering 12% 1% 6%
Geography & Environmental Science 23% 3% 6%
Geology 19% 2% 7%
German 17% 2% 7%
History 26% 4% 6%
History of Art, Architecture & Design 25% 4% 7%
Hospitality, Leisure, Recreation & Tourism 36% 2% 5%
Iberian Languages 20% 3% 6%
Italian 19% 4% 6%
Land & Property Management 5% 0% 4%
Law 17% 5% 5%
Librarianship & Information Management 19% 1% 10%
Linguistics 23% 4% 6%
Marketing 21% 1% 6%
Materials Technology 21% 2% 7%
Mathematics 14% 1% 8%
Mechanical Engineering 12% 1% 8%
Medical Technology 3% 0% 3%
Medicine 0% 0% 0%
Middle Eastern & African Studies 15% 0% 10%
Music 27% 3% 5%
Nursing 1% 0% 1%
Occupational Therapy 6% 0% 4%
Optometry, Ophthalmology & Orthoptics 1% 0% 1%
Pharmacology & Pharmacy 4% 1% 2%
Philosophy 22% 4% 7%
Physics & Astronomy 11% 1% 9%
Physiotherapy 1% 0% 2%
Politics 20% 3% 7%
Psychology 31% 6% 5%
Russian & East European Languages 12% 4% 13%
Social Policy 32% 5% 7%
Social Work 20% 2% 6%
Sociology 35% 4% 6%
Sports Science 28% 3% 4%
Theology & Religious Studies 22% 4% 5%
Town & Country Planning and Landscape Design 12% 1% 7%
Veterinary Medicine 2% 0% 2%
Averages 17% 2% 6%

If you're interested in a graduate job, check out our list of the top graduate employers.

What do graduates earn?

Money should not be the only factor to consider when choosing a degree. However, with universities now charging up to £9,250 per year, it is worth thinking about potential starting salaries.

Use this table to see the average starting salaries for graduates from 70 subject areas.

Top 5 Subjects for Average Graduate Salaries

Rank Subject Professional Salary* Non-professional Salary**
1 Complementary Medicine £31,574
2 Dentistry £31,341
3 Medicine £29,352
4 Economics £28,019 £18,143
5 Veterinary Medicine £27,721

If your subject isn't in the Top 5, scroll through the full table below. To see the university rankings table for each subject, simply click on the link.

Full table of Average Graduate Salaries

Subject Professional Salary* Non-professional Salary**
Accounting & Finance £23,478 £18,727
Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering £26,092 £18,127
Agriculture & Forestry £20,903 £17,634
American Studies £20,538 £16,195
Anatomy & Physiology £21,468 £16,853
Anthropology £20,965 £16,381
Archaeology £20,252 £15,907
Architecture £20,400 £16,138
Art & Design £19,235 £16,014
Aural & Oral Sciences £22,725 £14,979
Biological Sciences £21,243 £16,005
Building £26,262 £19,003
Business & Management Studies £24,075 £18,118
Celtic Studies £20,116 £14,964
Chemical Engineering £27,696 £18,613
Chemistry £23,078 £16,939
Civil Engineering £25,847 £19,177
Classics & Ancient History £22,722 £16,535
Communication & Media Studies £19,582 £16,327
Complementary Medicine £31,574
Computer Science £25,373 £16,969
Creative Writing £18,233 £15,689
Dentistry £31,341
Drama, Dance & Cinematics £19,347 £15,779
East & South Asian Studies £22,638 £18,399
Economics £28,019 £18,143
Education £21,720 £15,728
Electrical & Electronic Engineering £26,418 £18,005
English £19,787 £16,340
Food Science £21,864 £16,477
Forensic Science £19,528 £16,803
French £21,759 £17,726
General Engineering £27,654 £19,043
Geography & Environmental Science £22,313 £16,256
Geology £21,852 £15,691
German £22,120 £16,983
History £22,436 £16,456
History of Art, Architecture & Design £19,979 £16,906
Hospitality, Leisure, Recreation & Tourism £20,501 £17,190
Iberian Languages £22,461 £17,659
Italian £21,862 £17,907
Land & Property Management £24,329
Law £20,892 £16,980
Librarianship & Information Management £24,975 £16,796
Linguistics £21,186 £15,876
Marketing £21,377 £17,072
Materials Technology £23,440 £17,777
Mathematics £25,501 £17,616
Mechanical Engineering £26,837 £18,296
Medical Technology £22,800 £13,322
Medicine £29,352
Middle Eastern & African Studies £23,229
Music £19,329 £16,164
Nursing £22,846 £17,831
Occupational Therapy £23,394 £17,127
Optometry, Ophthalmology & Orthoptics £17,545
Pharmacology & Pharmacy £20,028 £18,327
Philosophy £22,773 £16,011
Physics & Astronomy £25,612 £16,121
Physiotherapy £22,606
Politics £23,113 £17,250
Psychology £19,964 £16,283
Russian & East European Languages £24,150
Social Policy £21,280 £16,794
Social Work £25,105 £15,965
Sociology £20,387 £16,601
Sports Science £19,688 £16,214
Theology & Religious Studies £21,678 £16,128
Town & Country Planning and Landscape Design £23,297 £16,364
Veterinary Medicine £27,721
Averages £22,855 £14,710

Notes about the data

Source: HESA 2015–16
Published December 2017.

  • This data is based on the latest Destination of Leavers from Higher Education 2015–16 (DLHE) survey and looks at the mean salaries of full-time, first degree leavers entering professional employment or self-employment.

*Professional employment refers to a job or occupation which normally requires a degree.
**Non-professional employment refers to a job or occupation which doesn't normally require a degree.