Ten Famous Biologists and their Discoveries

in association with the University of Kent

The field of biology is a fascinating and diverse one, one which has seen a great many ground breaking discovery over the years. Here's our Ten Famous Biologists and Discoveries to get budding biology students inspired.

Biologists who have shaped the world of our ancestors, our world today and whose discoveries will continue to shape the world for many years:


Galen – famous for introducing medical experimentation

129–161 AD

The life work of Greek physician, Galen, revolutionised the way in which medical research was and is conducted. Galen had a major influence on the development of many fields of medicine including anatomy, pathology, physiology and neurology. Notable discoveries include the identification of the differences between veins and arteries, and recognising that the larynx generates voice.

Much of his hypotheses had scientific errors but his work in pioneering the field of medical research is undeniable.