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Ten Famous Biologists and their Discoveries

in association with the University of Kent

The field of biology is a fascinating and diverse one, one which has seen a great many ground breaking discovery over the years. Here's our Ten Famous Biologists and Discoveries to get budding biology students inspired.

Biologists who have shaped the world of our ancestors, our world today and whose discoveries will continue to shape the world for many years:

"Darwin wallpaper" © Armin Cifuentes, used under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
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Charles Darwin – famous for the theory of evolution

1809–1882

Probably the most famous naturalist of all time, Darwin's contribution to biology and society is beyond imagination. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, the existence of new species occurring via the process of natural selection. His theory of evolution was published in On the Origin of Species in 1859 and it caused quite the stir – Darwin was disputing the longheld belief that all species had been created by God at the beginning of the world. Evolution by natural selection combined with Mendelian genetics is now accepted as the modern evolutionary synthesis and forms the foundations of much biological scientific endeavour.