Ten Famous Biologists and their Discoveries

in association with the University of Kent

The field of biology is a fascinating and diverse one, one which has seen a great many ground breaking discovery over the years. Here's our Ten Famous Biologists and Discoveries to get budding biology students inspired.

Biologists who have shaped the world of our ancestors, our world today and whose discoveries will continue to shape the world for many years:

"James Watson & Francis Crick" © Mark A.M. Kramer, used under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Watson and Crick – famous for discovering the structure of DNA


Francis Crick and James Watson shot to fame in 1962 for their discovery of the structure of DNA, winning the medical Nobel Prize in the process. Their model of DNA (double helix) explains how DNA replicates and how hereditary info is coded and passed on. The discovery of structure has led to a much more developed understanding of function – used in disease diagnosis and treatment, forensics, etc.