Newly qualified teacher – the induction year

All newly qualified teachers must complete an induction year to become fully registered with their country’s teaching profession regulatory body.

Induction in England and Wales

  • All teachers must have Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) before beginning their induction year.
  • Induction can take place in almost all state schools, academies, free schools, and independent schools. Schools underperforming and with 'special measures' imposed are not able to host NQTs on their induction year.
  • The induction period must take place across three school terms, either on a full or part-time basis. Periods of supply teaching can count towards induction year.
  • Induction includes a personalised programme of development support, overseen by an induction tutor, and assessment against the professional teaching standards as set out by the Department for Education. 
  • NQTs undergoing their induction year are regularly observed and assessed. After an NQT’s final assessment, their head teacher will report to the relevant body stating whether or not they have made satisfactory progress towards meeting the professional standards.
  • The relevant body will decide whether or not the candidate meets the professional requirements of a teacher. If the candidate meets the required standards they will receive full professional status.

Induction year in Scotland

  • Teachers who trained in Scotland are provisionally registered with the General Teaching Council Scotland (GTCS), and are referred to as probation teachers.

To fully register with the GTCS probation teachers must successfully complete an induction year and can choose to follow the Teacher Induction Scheme (TIS) or the Flexible Route.

  • The TIS provides a guaranteed one-year training post to every eligible student who qualified at a Scottish university.
  • The Flexible Route is a way to complete the induction period for probation teachers who decide against the TIS, ineligible for it, unable to commit to a full one year post, or not practising in a Scottish state school.
  • Induction year follows a structured process with probation teachers developing their 'probation profile', which is used as evidence that they meet the standard for full registration.
  • Supporter meetings and observed lessons act as assessment for meeting the Standard for Full Registration.
  • Profiles are submitted to the GTCS for approval, once the GTCS are satisfied probation teachers become fully registered.
  • Full registration must take place no later than five years after the date of gaining provisional registration.
  • Teachers who trained and are practising outside of Scotland must complete the induction year to fully register with the GTCS.
  • Find out more about registering with the GTCS.

Northern Ireland Induction and Early Professional Development Programme

  • Trainees whom completed their Initial Teacher Education (ITE) in Northern Ireland are provisionally registered with the General Teaching Council Northern Ireland (GTCNI), and referred to as beginning teacher.
  • All beginning teachers must complete the Northern Ireland Induction and Early Professional Development Programme, which lasts three years, to become fully registered.
  • Induction takes one year to complete, during which beginning teachers are required to engage with competency based professional development and present a portfolio as evidence of meeting the professional competencies as set out by the GTCNI.
  • Early Professional Development takes two years to complete and is designed to get beginning teachers thinking about learning and ensure they are continued to be supported so that they achieve best practice. Beginning teachers continue to engage with professional competency development and will once again present evidence via a portfolio.
  • Read more about registering with the GTCNI.