Biology (C1)

Below are detailed subject listings, along with the subject table that ranks that course.

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HESA Subject Description CUG Subject
Biology (C100) A broadly based scientific study of living organisms, both animal and vegetable. Includes their structure, functions, evolution, distribution and interrelationships. Biological Sciences
Applied biology (C110) Topics in Biology of commercial or social importance. Biological Sciences
Parasitology (C111) The study of the transmission and control of parasitic diseases and their vectors. Biological Sciences
Behavioural biology (C120) The study of the behavioural strategies used by organisms in their natural environment to maximise fitness. Includes foraging, social and reproductive (including parental care, sexual selection and mate choice) behaviour, behavioural responses to predators, communication, migration and homing. Biological Sciences
Cell biology (C130) Concerned with the organisation of the cell, cell membrane and cell communication. Biological Sciences
Applied cell biology (C131) Topics in Cell Biology of commercial or social importance. Biological Sciences
Developmental/reproductive biology (C140) The study of the development and reproduction of multi-cellular organisms and the differentiation of cells, tissues and organs. Biological Sciences
Developmental biology (C141) The study of the development of multi-cellular organisms. Biological Sciences
Reproductive biology (C142) The study of the reproduction of multi-cellular organisms. Biological Sciences
Environmental biology (C150) Relates animals and plants to their terrestrial and marine habitats. Biological Sciences
Marine/freshwater biology (C160) The study of aquatic biology. Biological Sciences
Marine biology (C161) The study of saltwater and oceanic biology. Biological Sciences
Freshwater biology (C162) The study of freshwater and estuarine biology. Biological Sciences
Population biology (C170) The study of organism numbers and population dynamics. Biological Sciences
Ecology (C180) The study of organisms in their environment, their interactions and history. Biological Sciences
Biodiversity (C181) Concentrates on the design and development of different species and their interrelationships. Biological Sciences
Evolution (C182) The study of organisms' adaptation to their environment and the mechanisms of heredity and change. Biological Sciences
Community ecology (C183) The study of the structure, composition and dynamics of ecological assemblages. Includes the relationship between species assemblages and their environments, trophic structure, succession, stability, biodiversity, coexistence and competitive exclusion, spatial structure and relative abundance of component species. Biological Sciences
Conservation ecology (C184) The study of the science underpinning the restoration and conservation of species and communities and their natural habitat. Biological Sciences
Ecosystem ecology & land use (C185) The study of large-scale ecology including catchment and regional studies, landscape ecology and interactions between ecology and land use patterns. Biological Sciences
Population ecology (C186) The study of the understanding of population dynamics, including trophic interactions, demography of populations, extinction processes, spatial processes and metapopulation dynamics. Biological Sciences
Ecotoxicology (C187) The study of the branch of toxicology concerned with toxic effects caused by natural or synthetic pollutants, to the constituents of ecosystems, (animal (including human), vegetable and microbial) in an integral context. Includes diagnostics, tolerance and adaptation in relation to natural and anthropogenic toxic substances. Biological Sciences
Biology not elsewhere classified (C190) Miscellaneous grouping for related subjects which do not fit into the other Biology categories. To be used sparingly. Biological Sciences
Biometry (C191) Concerned with the quantitative techniques and measurement in the biological Sciences. Biological Sciences