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Agriculture (D4)

Below are detailed subject listings, along with the subject table that ranks that course.

If you can't find the course you're looking for, return to the main list of HESA subjects and check the list on the left-hand side.

HESA Subject Description CUG Subject
Agriculture (D400) The study of farming and husbandry, conservation, rural business studies and related applied sciences. Includes study and practical experience of cultivating land and rearing crops and livestock. May also include some aspects of rural recreation. Agriculture & Forestry
Arable & fruit farming (D410) The study of the most efficient way to grow crops on a large scale, including those borne on trees, for food. Agriculture & Forestry
Agricultural pests & diseases (D411) The study of diseases in crops and the animals and insects which attack them, with the object of preventing such disease or attack. Agriculture & Forestry
Crop physiology (D412) The study of crop structure and how it is affected by disease. Studies include dissection and use of microscope slides. Also includes study at cellular level. Agriculture & Forestry
Crop nutrition (D413) The study of the process of assimilating nutrient materials into crop tissue with the aim of understanding and providing the correct nutrient balance. Agriculture & Forestry
Crop protection (D414) The particular study of the development of immunities in crops. Also includes the study of artificial barriers, preventatives or exterminators for the animals/insects which attack crops. Agriculture & Forestry
Crop production (D415) The study of growing and harvesting crops and the relationship of arable production to its environment and humans. Agriculture & Forestry
Glasshouse culture (D416) The study of native and non-native plant propagation and growth in greenhouse conditions, including crops and plants grown for their appearance or other properties. Agriculture & Forestry
Amenity horticulture (D417) The study of plants grown for their appearance for use in municipal and other large area planting schemes, gardens, parks and landscapes. Agriculture & Forestry
Exotic plants & crops (D418) The study of the most efficient way to plant, sow and harvest non-native crops. Agriculture & Forestry
Livestock (D420) The study of the most efficient way to keep animals for agricultural use rather than as pets. Agriculture & Forestry
Livestock husbandry (D421) The study of animals and their relationship with their environment and people in order to enable successful farming. Agriculture & Forestry
Equine studies (D422) The particular study of horses, their health, livery and use as farm, domestic and recreational animals. Agriculture & Forestry
Poultry keeping (D423) The study of egg and fowl production and the relationship of poultry to its environment and people. Agriculture & Forestry
Game keeping (D424) The study of the breeding, maintenance and protection of wild animals preserved specifically for hunting purposes. Agriculture & Forestry
Exotic livestock (D425) The study of the most efficient way to keep, rear and breed animals not native to Britain. Agriculture & Forestry
Fish farming (D430) The study of the most efficient way to use an area of water to rear fish for commercial sale. Agriculture & Forestry
Fish husbandry (D431) The study of fish in their environment for fishing or fish farming. Agriculture & Forestry
Freshwater fish (D432) The study of fish generic to unsalted ponds, streams, rivers and lakes, their habits, breeding patterns and the unique effects of their environment. Agriculture & Forestry
Saltwater fish (D433) The study of fish generic to seas, oceans and salted estuaries, their habits, breeding patterns and the unique effects of their environment. Agriculture & Forestry
Ornamental fish (D434) The study of fish kept for recreational purposes, their habits and breeding patterns. Agriculture & Forestry
Aquaculture (D435) The study of the cultivation of water resources, both plant and animal, for human consumption or use. Agriculture & Forestry
Rural estate management (D440) The study of the administration of large landed properties as or on behalf of their owner. Includes elements of business studies, personnel management, buildings management. Agriculture & Forestry
Farm management (D441) The study of the most efficient way to keep livestock and grow and harvest crops and fruit. Includes home farm management. Agriculture & Forestry
Game keeping management (D442) The study of the habitat and management of land set aside for hunting purposes. Agriculture & Forestry
Water resource management (D443) The study of fresh and salt water, its use commercially, domestically and recreationally. Includes the conservation of water. Also includes the study of drought, flood and the water cycle. Agriculture & Forestry
Land management for recreation (D444) The study of land used for informal recreation. Includes study of erosion and damage to habitat from over or inappropriate use, and the techniques to prevent, cure and minimise such damage. Agriculture & Forestry
Biological heritage site management (D445) The scientific study of the conservation of land which has or contains something of rarity value; Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and the species found there. Agriculture & Forestry
Wilderness management (D446) The study of the conservation of wild, uninhabited and uncultivated land for aesthetic, recreational or scientific purposes. Agriculture & Forestry
Environmental conservation (D447) The study of the protection and careful management of natural resources and the environment. Agriculture & Forestry
Sustainable agricultural & landscape development (D448) The study of agricultural and other related landscape uses with particular emphasis on sustainable and environmentally sensitive practices. Agriculture & Forestry
International agriculture (D450) The study of the science or occupation of cultivating land and rearing crops in various parts of the world. Agriculture & Forestry
Organic farming (D460) The study of agricultural processes conducted without the use of artificial chemicals in the form of fertilisers or pesticides. Agriculture & Forestry
Organic arable & fruit farming (D461) The study of the most efficient way to grow crops on a large scale, including those borne on trees, for food, without the use of artificial chemicals or fertilisers. Agriculture & Forestry
Organic livestock (D462) The study of the most efficient way to keep animals for agricultural use rather than as pets without the use of artificial chemicals or feed. Agriculture & Forestry
Organic fish farming (D463) The study of the most efficient way to use an area of water to rear fish for commercial sale, without the use of artificial chemicals. Agriculture & Forestry
Agricultural technology (D470) The study of practical or mechanical sciences connected with agriculture as they apply to increased efficiency, economy and crop production. Agriculture & Forestry
Agricultural machinery (D471) The study of the use and maintenance of agricultural machinery. Includes the study of tractors, hedge clippers, milking machines etc. Agriculture & Forestry
Agricultural irrigation & drainage (D472) The study of the control of water by means of artificial canals and ditches, mechanical pumps, weather stations etc. Agriculture & Forestry
Agriculture not elsewhere classified (D490) Miscellaneous grouping for related subjects which do not fit into the other Agriculture categories. To be used sparingly. Agriculture & Forestry