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Top ten greatest engineers

Looking to study engineering? Be inspired by these engineers from all walks of life who made the world what it is today.

Elon Musk

Fazlur Rahman Khan (1929–1982)

Born in Dhaka, Bangladesh, Fazlur Rahman Khan can claim the title of father of the modern skyscraper. This structural engineer and architect came up with tubular designs that allowed for easier construction of the high-rise structures we know today. Khan was one of the first to use computer-aided design techniques, and he gave the US the Willis Tower and John Hancock Center.

Burt Rutan (1943–)

American Burt Rutan is an aerospace engineer and modern entrepreneur. Rutan's aircraft were often peculiar-looking but they always proved to be light, strong and energy-efficient. His greatest achievements include Voyager, the first plane to fly non-stop around the world, and SpaceShipOne, the first privately funded spacecraft to make regular and successful trips into sub-orbit.

Ada Lovelace (1815–1852)

Daughter of the poet Lord Byron, Ada Lovelace was a mathematician who engineered the first computer programme. She worked with Charles Babbage, where she was instructed to translate an Italian article about the ‘Different Engine’. She added her own comments to the translation to a great extent, thus creating an algorithm that was to be used by the machine. Lovelace later developed many more methods for computers to do more than just calculate numbers.

Elon Musk (1971–)

Engineer, businessman, inventor – three of the many labels often attached to South African-born Canadian Musk. Founder of SpaceX, which is working towards an ultimate goal of enabling humans to live on other planets; Tesla Motors, where electric cars are created to discourage the use of fossil fuels in transport; and The Boring Company, which aims to create networks of tunnels in and around cities for fast, safe transportation. Other achievements include starting the Musk Foundation, which funds engineering education and research.

Alice H Parker (1895–1920)

Born in New Jersey, Alice H Parker is the reason why you have central heating in your home. Dissatisfied with the effectiveness of her fireplace in cold winters, the African American inventor designed a heating system that exchanged cool air for heat. Using natural gas for fuel instead of wood and coal, the warmth could be spread to rooms around the house. This invention also reduced the risk of fires in buildings from excessive use of fireplaces.

Ellen Ochoa (1958–)

Inventor, former astronaut and director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center, Ellen Ochoa has had a huge impact in the aerospace industry. She co-created three inventions: an optical object recognition method, an optical inspection system, and a method for noise removal. Ochoa was the world’s first Hispanic female astronaut and has spent more than 950 hours in space. She's also the second woman to be director of the Johnson Space Center.

George Stephenson (1781–1848)

We could've easily included on this list George Stephenson’s son Robert, known as one of the greatest engineers of the 19th century. George gets the nod however, for doing it all first – he built the first public intercity railway line between Liverpool and Manchester in 1830. His rail gauge is still used all over the world as the standard measurement for rail tracks.

Emily Warren Roebling (1843–1903)

Known as the first-ever female field engineer, Emily Warren Roebling played a significant part in completing the Brooklyn Bridge. Her husband was a civil engineer who developed a disease during his time working on the bridge. He was unable to continue, so Roebling took the reins and became chief engineer for the project for the next 14 years. After its completion in 1883, she was the first person to cross it.

Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806–1859)

Isambard Kingdom Brunel has had an overwhelming impact on the infrastructure of modern UK. It's appropriate he's on this list too, having given his name to a modern-day university (Brunel University London). His achievements include the Great Western Railway and the Clifton Suspension Bridge in Bristol. Brunel built railways across England, Wales, Ireland and Italy, and advised on rail lines in Australia and India.

Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519)

Da Vinci was good at many things: painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, invention, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, cartography, you name it. His engineering concepts were unfathomable at the time and still carry an air of magic with them today – flying machines, a type of armoured fighting vehicle, concentrated solar power, an adding machine, and the double hull. Few were feasible then but are central to how we live today.

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